Relief Carving

After the carver has added all the desired details and intricacies, he/she must clean up the background for chips, sawdust, and may need to sand the background depending on his/her preference. The background can be smooth or textured, but should be overall flat enough to illustrate the depth of the objects the carver modeled. Now the carver must prepare the piece of wood or laminated panel he has chosen to be carved. During the process of preparation, the carver will need to put the wood on a bench or table, making a bench hook of some kind that will prevent the piece from moving as he/she carves. For relief carving, there is no one wood that is superior to the rest.

The undercut is accomplished with the bench knife and gouges. The two distinct areas are carved as a Low Relief joint first. Then the bench knife is used is cut under the high area into the lower section at a sharp slant. A gouge, http://www.golf4gold.co.za/2021/04/28/vleesmes/ skew or dog-leg can be used now to reach into this cut and create a trough effect. An undercut does not need to be either deep not dramatic. Only enough wood needs to be removed to create a shadowed effect in the carving.

A relief carving is a sculpture with figures that protrude from a background but are still attached to it. It’s a very old art form that has been done for centuries. Low reliefs, sometimes called bas reliefs, are relatively flat and don’t stick out far from the surface.

high relief carving

In the art of Ancient Egypt, Assyrian palace reliefs, and other ancient Near Eastern and Asian cultures, a consistent very low relief was commonly used for the whole composition. The type of sculpture depends on the design and final product the artist wishes to produce. Its images are projected off the background, but not so much that they extend at least one-half, or that they curve back into the background creating shadows. A relief sculpture is a type of sculpture that contains objects embedded in a ground or surface. It has only one point of view, like a painting or drawing has.

For example Avery in Grove Art Online, whose long article on “Relief sculpture” barely mentions or defines them, except for sunk relief. Modern artists such as Paul Gauguin, Ernst Barlach, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Pablo Picasso, Henry Moore up to Ewald Matare have created reliefs, in contemporary art, for example, Ingo Kühl should be mentioned. These were often round mirror-cases, combs, handles, and other small items, but included a few larger caskets like the Casket with Scenes of Romances in Baltimore, Maryland, in the United States. Originally they were very often painted in bright colours.

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Relief carvings create an illusion of space and depth on a shallow surface. It’s a very old way of making art, and examples of relief carvings date back to ancient Greece and Rome. Relief carvings are categorized according to their depth. A low relief, sometimes also called bas relief, has figures that project only slightly from the surface. On the other hand, a high relief has figures that stand out prominently from the surface with a greater sense of depth. Relief carving is a specialized form of wood carving where we carve figures and objects from a flat piece of wood.

Now that you know what a relief carving is, let’s explore how they are made. We can’t discuss the whole process in detail, but we can cover some of the most important tools and steps. There are different techniques used to make these sculptures. The most famous amongst these include free-standing sculptures and carving them in reliefs―high, low, sunk, counter, etc. In this ArtHearty write-up, we will compare and contrast the bas -relief sculptures, and those made in high relief.

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Over the years he has carved many romantic scenes of Norwegian mountains and rural architecture. He has also carved scenes containing Viking ships, reflecting on the Viking period in Scandinavia. Pierced relief refers to carvings where the background is removed revealing the entire thickness of the wood. Below are of photos of the three patterns, one set showing the stages of creating the project. Below that are photos of member projects in various stages.

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Today, bas-relief is used for mostly smaller works and is, as Donatello initiated, largely combined with high-relief to gain a sense of perspective and to give depth to a piece. No longer is this traditional technique contained to religious iconography and instead artists such as ourselves can create landscapes, architectural details or whimsical narratives within a section of bas-relief. Hold a wide, medium gouge (#6 or #7) in a low-angle grip, and carve across the grain from the outside inward. Keep the corners of the gouge clear of the wood and make long running cuts.

By World War I, relief sculptors pushed the limits of the art to more innovative approaches utilizing diverse materials, and modernist forms replacing the traditional standards. The most famous American relief is Mount Rushmore, the huge monument sculpture memorializing the great American presidents, started in 1927 and completed in 1941. In Europe, the Hellenistic period saw a more picturesque carving style. Detail of the high relief sculpture of the of the Austrian emperors Leopold and Charles VI above the archway which leads to Rijeka’s old town.

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